Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica [L.] Roem.)) Is a plant that can be used for cooking and medicine. These plants have a Synonyms: L.aegyptica Mill., L. pentandra Roxb., L. cattupincinna Ser., L. faetida Sieb. et Zucc., L. petola Ser., Momordica L. cylirzdrica including dalamFamilia: Cucurbitaceae.
Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica [L.] Roem.)) Widely planted in fields, dirambatkan on the fence as a vegetable crop, or grow wild in the bush, river and beach. The length of the trunk may reach 20-10 m. Single leaf, petiole 4-9 cm long. Leaf blade ovate to widen. Flowers unisexual, contained in one tree. Crown of yellow flowers. Fruit hanging or lying on the ground. The inside of the ripe fruit contained a tightly woven fiber. Seeds flattened by the edge of the wing-shaped, smooth, black.
Fruit contains triterpene saponins, luffein (bitter substance), citrulline, and cucurbitacin. The sap contains saponin, mucus, fat, protein, xylan, and vitamins (B and C). Seeds contain fatty oil, squalene, a-spinasterol, cucurbitacin B, and proteins. Flowers contain glutamine, aspartic acid, arginine, lysine, and alanine. Fiber containing xylan, xylose, mannosan, galactan, saponin, cellulose, galactose, manitosa, and vitamins (A, B, and C). Leaves and stems contain saponins and tannins. Luffein efficacious as a mild laxative and triterpene saponins have spermatisidal activity (kills sperm) that can be developed as a contraceptive drug.
Parts used are all parts of plants, such as fruit, fruit leather, fruit stems, seeds, husks, leaves, flowers, stems, and roots. The fruit is used to overcome: fever, thirst, cough, tightness, irregular menstruation, breast milk is not smooth, diarrhea, bleeding, such as bloody urine, nosebleeds, and ulcers. Seeds are used to overcome: the face, hands, and feet swelling, urinary tract stones, worms, back pain, and hemorrhoids. The leaves are used to overcome: shortness of breath, amenorrhea, testicular inflammation (orchitis), burns, ulcers, ringworm, and bitten by a snake. Rind is used to overcome: boils, abscesses rectal area. Flowers are used to overcome: cough with tightness, sore throat, sinusitis, hemorrhoids, and ulcers. Coir is used to overcome: chest pain, abdominal pain, back pain, rheumatoid arthritis, aching rheumatic pain, cough with phlegm, amenorrhea, breast swelling, breast milk slightly, hemoriod, inflammation of the testicles (orchitis), and ulcers. Charcoal from the fiber is used to: stop the bleeding, like bleeding outside of menstruation, bloody urine, and dysentery. Roots used to treat: migraine, back pain, sore throat, ulcers, and swollen breasts (mastitis). Rod is used to overcome: a sense of numbness, irregular menstruation, runny nose, and swelling (edema). Fruit stalks are used to treat: chicken pox in children.
Nature and Benefits Fruit Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica [L.] Roem.)) Sweet, nutritious as peluruh phlegm, stop bleeding (hemostatis), a mild laxative (laxative). Seeds of Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica [L.] Roem.)) Taste bitter, cold nature, and toxic. Seeds of Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica [L.] Roem.)) Efficacious to remove heat, bullets urine (diuretic), stimulating vomiting (emetic), laxatives, stomach worm eradication (antelmintik), and stimulate spending on breast milk. Leaves efficacious to cleanse the blood and bullets of menstruation. Flower Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica [L.] Roem.)) Sweet, slightly bitter, and cold nature. Sweet coconut fiber, neutral in character, enter the lung meridian, stomach, and liver. Coir efficacious as peluruh sputum, pain relievers (analgesics), antirheumatic, as well as blood circulation and nerve. The root tastes sweet, neutral nature, efficacious blood circulation and relieve swelling. Stem bitter, cold nature, toxic. Stem efficacious blood circulation and antelmintik.