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Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.)

Grass Cogon (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) Included in: herbs, grasses, creeping, 30-180 cm high. Stems: rhizomes, creeping under the soil, forming a single inflorescence stems erect, solid, in his book rarely hairy. Leaves: single, base close to each other, strands, ribbon-shaped, sharp pointed toes, straight, coarse, rarely hairy, 12-80 cm in size. x 35-18 cm. Flowers: composition compound compound grains, somewhat close, 6-28 cm long, each branch has two ears, and from 2.5 to 5 cm branch, flower stalks 1-3 mm, gluma 1; tip bersilia, veins 3-6, Lemma 1 (husks); broad ovate, short cilia from 1.5 to 2.5 mm. Lemma 2 (husks); elongate, tapering from 0.5 to 2.5 mm. Palea (husks); 0.75 to 2 mm. Stamen: anthers 2.5 to 3.5 mm, yellowish white or purple. Stigma: the stigma of feather-shaped. Fruit: type of rice. Seed: ellipse-shaped, length 1 mm longer. In Java, growing at an altitude of up to 2700 m asl, in areas of open or half closed; the swamp; on soil with good aeration; in areas opened up; on the riverbank; extensive secondary forests, the country of the former burning; as weeds in fields, gardens and plantations. This plant can influence the cultivation of other crops, due to the relatively high sodium requirement. Multiplication: multiply by itself.

Disease Can Be Treated:
Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) Are widely used to treat urinary tract infection. biological effects of pharmacology Infusa and reed rhizome effect as a diuretic. Clinical test: root Dekokta reeds with a dose of 250-300 g, two times morning and evening can be cured 27 cases of 30 patients with acute nefritis. In chronic nephritis, herbaceous weeds can reduce edema and lower blood pressure. Dekokta herbs 250 g in the singular or combined with Nelumbo nucifera rhizome and leaf and leaf Agrimonia pilosa can treat epistaxis, haemoptysis, hematuri, menorrhagia, and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In addition Dekokta reported also that the roots of the reeds can be effective for the treatment of viral hepatitis. Side effects: Dizziness, nausea, increased bowel curiosity, sometimes occurs in clinical use. Pharmaceutical Technology: Cellulose leaf weeds on the water absorption has a relatively well in the manufacture of tablets by direct compression.

Composition:
Root: metabolites that have been found on the roots of the reeds ter.diri arundoin, fernenol, isoarborinol, silindrin, simiarenol, kampesterol, stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol, scopoletin, skopolin, p-hidroksibenzaladehida, catechol, chlorogenic acid, isoklorogenat acid, acid p-kumarat, neoklorogenat acid, acetic acid, oxalic acid, malic acid d-, citric acid, potassium (0.75% by dry weight), large amounts of calcium and 5-hidroksitriptamin. From the results of other studies on the roots and leaves was found five kinds of derivatives are derivatives of flavonoid 3 ', 4' 0.7-trihydroxy flavone, 2 ', 3'-dihydroxy-hydroxy kalkon and six flavanol. A possible derivative of flavonoids, including flavone group, the substituted flavonol 3-0H, flavanone or the isoflavones contained in the soluble fraction in ethyl acetate extract of the roots of the reeds. In the fraction of water-soluble extract of the roots of the reeds of the flavonoids found in groups without free OH groups, flavones, flavonols substituted at the 3-0H, flavanone, or isoflavones.

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