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Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

Fennel are herbs or medicinal plants. This plant can live from lowland until height of 1800 m above sea level, but will grow better in the highlands. Originally from Southern Europe and Asia, and for its benefits then widely planted in Indonesia, India, Argentina, Europe, and Japan. Perennial herb, height 50 cm - 2 m, grow merumpun. One family usually consists of 3-5 stems. Bluish green stems, grooved, segmented, hollow, smells fragrant when bruised. Location of the leaves alternate, compound pinnate, with double two narrow fins, the shape of the needle, the tip and base of the spike, the edge of the flat, white berseludang, webbed sheath with a hat-shaped top. Structured as an umbrella flower inflorescence compound with 6-40 pedicle, pedicle length mother 5-1 0 em, long-term 'ang pedicle 2-5 mm, yellow crown, out of the tip of the rod. Fruit oval, ribbed, length 60-10 mm, width 3-4 mm, young old green after green or chocolate brown a little bit yellow to brown completely. However, this fruit colors vary depending on country of origin. Ripe fruit has a distinctive aromatic smell, taste when tasted like kamfer relative.

Fennel and fennel oil yield, which is the result of refined powder of ripe fruit and dried dill. There are two kinds of fennel oil, sweet and bitter. Both are used in the pharmaceutical industry. Fennel is also used for seasoning, or used as a material that improves the taste (corrigentia saporis) and medicinal herb scent. The leaves can be eaten as a vegetable. Propagation by seed or by separating the children plant.

Chemical constituents:
Fennel contains essential oil (oleum Foeniculi) 1-6%, containing 50-60% anetol, approximately 20% fenkon, pinen, limonene, dipenten, felandren, metilchavikol, anisaldehid, anisat acid, and 12% fatty oil. Anetol content that causes the typical smell of fennel and remove carmintive efficacious. The roots contain bergapten. Roots and seeds contain stigmasterin (serposterin).

Farmakologis Securities and Results:
  • Active component, anisaldehida, improve efficacy streptomycin for TB treatment in rats.
  • Improve the digestive tract and stimulate peristalsis expenditure fart (flatus).
  • Eliminate cold and phlegm.
  • Fennel oils containing anetol, fenkon, chavicol, and anisaldehid nutritious and soothing the digestive system works like appetite stimulant.
  • From an adult human studies, diternukan that fennel has devastating effects of kidney stones.
  • In animal experiments, the extract of fennel leaf decoction can lower blood pressure, but, other ways of processing do not show these properties.
Disease Can Be Treated:
Abdominal pain (heartburn), abdominal bloating, nausea, vomiting, breast bit,; diarrhea, jaundice (jaundice), loss of appetite, cough, Shortness of breath (asthma), painful menstruation, menstruation is not tertur, rheumatism goat,; Difficult sleep (insomnia), decreased testicle (orchidoptosis), colic,; intestine down to the groin (inguinal hernia), gall stones,; Swollen sperm channels (epididymis); Hoarding of fluid in the scrotal sac (hiodrokel testis); poisoning medicinal plants or fungi, improve eyesight;

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