Capsicum frutescens L is used as a vegetable or a plant growing wild in an abandoned wasteland. These plants come from tropical America, like the dry area, and found at altitudes from 0.5 to 1250 m asl. 50-100 cm tall trees. Single leaf, stemmed, alternate location. Leaf blade ovate, pointed tip, base narrow, flat edge, from 5 to 9.5 cm long, 1.5 to 5.5 cm wide, green. Young fruit dark green, greenish white, or white, red ripe fruit. Seeds many, flat round, 2 to 2.5 mm in diameter, dirty yellow.
The fruit contains capsaicin, kapsantin, carotenoids, alkaloids asiri, resins, oils evaporate, vitamins (A and C). Capsaicin gives spicy taste, nutritious for blood flow and skin anesthesia. Seeds contain solanine, solamidine, solamargine, solasodine, solasomine, and steroid saponins (kapsisidin). Kapsisidin efficacious as an antibiotic.
Spicy flavor on the tongue cause stimulation to the brain to release endorphins (endogenous opiates) that can relieve pain and induce a feeling healthier. The results of recent research, cayenne pepper can reduce the likelihood of blood clots (thrombosis), lower cholesterol levels by reducing the production of cholesterol and triglycerides in the liver. On the reproductive system, the nature of the hot chili pepper can relieve tension and pain from poor blood circulation. In addition, the content is quite high in antioxidants (like vitamin C and beta carotene), cayenne pepper can be used to overcome infertility (infertility), aphrodisiac, and slow the aging process.