Piper retrofractum Vahl is a plant native to Indonesia, planted in the yard, field, or grows wild in damp places and sandy soil such as near the coast or in the forest to a height of 600 m above sea level. Chronic plant, grow climbing; rnelilit, or creeping with roots lekatnya, can reach 10 m in length. Branching starts from a strong base and resembles wood. Leaf shape is oval.
Chemical properties and pharmacological effects: Fruit taste spicy and hot, into the spleen and stomach meridians. Roots and warm spicy flavor. Chemical Ingredients: spicy fruit contains piperine, chavicine, palmitic acids, tetrahydropiperic acids, 1-undecylenyl-3 ,4-methylenedioxy benzene, piperidine, essential oils, isobutyideka-trans-2-trans-4-dienamide, and sesamin. Piperine has the antipyretic, analgesic, antiinflammatory, and suppress the central nervous system. The root contains piperine, piplartine, and piperlonguniinine.
Toothache and fever