These plants are from Sri Lanka, then spread throughout the tropics. Plumbago zeylanica L. grows wild in fields, on the banks of waterways, or planted in the yard and other places to a height + 800 m dpi. Woody stems, round, smooth. Single leaf, stemmed the length from 1.5 to 2.5 cm. Leaves, long 5-11 cm, wide 2-5 cm, pointed tip, base obtuse. Fruit small, oval, young green, after the old black. Small seeds, chocolate.
Chemical properties and pharmacological effects: Ceylon leadwort - Plumbago zeylanica L is bitter, tonic, and toxic. Chemical Ingredients: Leaf contains plumbagin, 3-3, biplumbagin, 3-chloroplum-bagin, chitranone (3-6-biplumbagin), and droserone (2-hydroxy-bagin plum). Efficacious substance called plumbagin very poisonous and the local use can cause skin damage such as burns form blisters.
Arthritic joints, bruises, ringworm, (for use outside the body)