The cause of hyperemesis gravidarum is unknown but is estimated to relate to the first pregnancy; increase in pregnancy hormones, especially in multiple pregnancies and molar pregnancies; under 24 years of age; metabolic changes in pregnancy and allergies, and psychosocial factors. Women with a history of nausea in previous pregnancies and those who are obese are also at increased risk Hyperemesis gravidarum. Risk factors include the occurrence of hyperemesis gravidarum:
- ß-hCG hormone levels are high. This hormone increases rapidly in the first trimester of pregnancy and can lead to parts of the brain that controls nausea and vomiting.
- Increased levels of estrogen. Affect parts of the brain that controls nausea and vomiting.
- Changes in the gastrointestinal tract. During pregnancy the digestive organs displace to make room for the growing fetus. This can result in acid reflux (acid from the stomach to the exit of the throat) and stomach work more slowly absorb foods that cause nausea and vomiting.
- Psychological factors. Stress and anxiety can trigger morning sickness.
- High-fat diet. Hyperemesis gravidarum increased risk of as much as 5 times for each additional 15 g of saturated fat per day.
- Helicobacter pylori. The study reported that 90% of cases of pregnancy with Hyperemesis gravidarum are also infected with this bacterium, which can cause stomach ulcers.
- Level 1
- Level 2
- Level 3
Plants that can be used to treat Hyperemesis gravidarum include:
30 g of fresh leaves of Desmodium triquetrum [L.] DC, washed, boiled in 3 cups of water until remaining 1 glass. After chilling filtered, divided for 3 times rninum, ie morning, afternoon and evening, each 1/3 cup.