The word comes vitiligo and the Latin vitellus meaning calf, because people with white skin as the skin is mottled white calf. The term vitiligo was introduced by Celsus, a Roman physician in the 2nd century. This disease can affect all races and both sexes with no significant differences. The disease is more often suffered by people of color and usually with more severe degrees. Illness can occur from birth to old age with the highest frequency at age 10 -30 years. The cause of vitiligo is not known, suspected a hereditary disease inherited in an autosomal dominant. Of an investigation reported 38% of patients with vitiligo have a family who suffer from vitiligo.
Macular hypopigmentation (lack of color / white) that are characteristic of vitiligo white patches in the form of milk, a few millimeters to centimeters in diameter, round, oval, or irregular, and demarcated. In addition to hypopigmentation no other abnormalities found in the skin. Sometimes the hair on the skin of the affected part becomes white. In the early lesion is only partial loss of pigment, but the longer the whole pigment melanin is lost.
Vitiligo lesions generally have a typical distribution. Lesions mainly located on exposed areas (face, chest, upper back of the hand), intertriginous areas (axilla, groin), the area around the orifice (around the mouth, nose, eyes and anus), on the extensor surface of the protruding bone (finger fingers, knees, elbows), the anterior tibia, the area around the nipple and the umbilicus (navel). Mucosal areas are often affected, especially genital, mouth and gums.
Several factors trigger vitiligo include:
- Mechanical factors, in patients with vitiligo, patches can occur after physical trauma, such as after surgery or at the place where the physical and chemical trauma.
- Factor sun or ultra violet A irradiation, in patients with vitiligo, spotting can occur after exposure to sunlight or UV A.
- Factor of emotional / psychological, approximately 20% of people with vitiligo develop after getting a physical, emotional, psychological trauma or severe stress.
- Hormonal factors, there is a suspicion that vitiligo worsened during pregnancy or oral contraceptive use. But it is still doubtful.
Plants that can be used to treat Vitiligo, among others:
30 grams of fresh leaves of Acalypha hispida Burm. f. smoothed. Apply on the body of mottled white, and dressing. Perform this treatment every day.