Plantago major L. a weed in tea and rubber plantations, or growing wild in the woods, fields, and lawns are a little damp, sometimes planted in a pot as a medicinal plant. This plant came from mainland Asia and Europe, can be found from the lowlands to an altitude of 3300 m above sea level. Medicinal plants is widespread in the world and has been known long ago and is one of 9 Turnbuhan drugs that are considered sacred in the Anglo Saxon. Grow erect, 15-20 cm. Single leaf, long-stemmed. Leaves round egg shape, flat edge, smooth or slightly hairy. Fruit oblong or ovoid, containing 2-4 seeds are black and wrinkled.
Chemical properties and pharmacological effects: Plantago major L. is sweet and cool. Can eliminate hunger. Seeds are sweet, cool, go meridian kidney, liver, intestine and lung. Chemical Ingredients: Plantago major L. contain plantagin, aukubin, ursolik acid, Beta-si-tosterol, n-hentriakontan, and plantagluside consisting of methyl D-galakturonat, D-galactose, L-arabinose and L-rhammosa. Also rnengandung tannins, potassium and vitamins (B1, C, A). Potassium salt is dissolving the calcium deposits found in the kidneys and bladder. Aukubin active substances in addition to merit protecting the liver against toxic substances that can influence rnerusak liver cells (hepatoprotektor), are also potent antiseptic. Planterolik acidic seed, plantasan (with composition xylose, arabinose, and rharnnose galacturonat acid), protein, musilago, aucubin, succinic acid, adenine, choline, katalpol, syringin, fatty acids (palmitic, stearic, arakidat, oleic, linolenic and lenoleat ), and flavanone glycoside. The roots contain naphazolin.
Urinary tract infection, swelling due to kidney disease (nephrotic edema), gall stones, kidney stones, inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis), urinary bit, fever, influenza, pertussis, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery, stomach pain, conjunctivitis, diabetes mellitus, intestinal worms, insect bites, acute jaundice hepatitis, bleeding, dyspepsia, aphrodisiac, spermatorea, dysuria, difficulty urinating, blurred vision, coughing blood, vaginal discharge (leukore), muscle pain, red eyes, hypertension, rheumatism.