Trees with a height of 6-20 m. Upright stems, bark brown, has a yellow gum. Single leaf, upper surface dark green, lower surface light green, elongated elliptical shape, 12-23 x 4.5 to 10 cm, the stem 1.5 to 2 cm. Fruit depressed spherical, 3.5 to 7 cm diameter, dark purple. Time of flowering from May to January. This plant can grow at an altitude of 1-1000 m above sea level on a variety of soil types, often as a fruit crop. Weather that is needed is the humidity and heat with a uniform rainfall. Plant propagation can be done with seeds that have germinated first. Young plants should be protected and will bear fruit after 8-15 years old.
Extracts of fruit peel petroleum ether-soluble alkaloid found two compounds. Bark, leather and latex dried fruit (Garcinia mangostana) contains a yellow dye derived from the two metabolites, namely ß-mangostin and mangostin which was isolated. Mangostin is a major component, while ß-mangostin is a minor constituent. The new metabolite was found that 1,3,6,7-tetrahidroksi-2 0.8-in (3-methyl-2butenil) or often called xanton (xanthone), which was named a-mangostanin of the fruit skin of Garcinia mangostana.
In 1998, a researcher named Vlientinck has shown that one of the benefits of mangosteen peel (Garcinia mangostana L.) is to inhibit the development of HIV / AIDS because the content of the compound xanthone mangostin compounds. This study also proves and reinforces previous research conducted by Chen et al in 1996 in China that the virus HIV-1 protease can undergo development and multiplication so that the rest can not attack the immune system of HIV / AIDS.
Mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana L.) has the effect speriniostatik young and spermicides. Extract (n-hexane and ethanol) mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) have high levels of certain toxins in the use of test methods Schrimp Brine Test (BST). From the results of the study reported, that Mangostin (1,3,6-trihydroxy-7-methoxy-2 ,8-bis (-2-butenyl 3metil)-9H-Xanten-9-on) the isolation of the skin of the fruit has anti-inflammatory activity and antioxidants. From the results of pharmacological and biochemical studies it is known that mangostin competitively inhibited histamine H receptors, mediators of muscle contraction software, also epiramin who built the H1 receptor, the soft muscle cells intact. Mangostin is a new type of histamine.
A treatable disease:
Diarrhea, dysentery, ulcers, and can inhibit the growth of HIV virus