75% of all abdominal hernias occur in the inguinal (groin). Others may occur in the umbilicus (navel) or other abdominal area. Inguinal hernias are divided into two, namely the medial inguinal hernia and inguinal hernia lateralis. If the bag reaches the lateral inguinal hernia scrotum (testicles), called a hernia hernia skrotalis. Lateral inguinal hernia occurs more frequently than the medial inguinal hernia with a ratio of 2:1, and among men it was more often affected than women. The more we age, the greater the possibility of a hernia. This is influenced by the strength of abdominal muscles that have been weakening.
The cause of inguinal hernia is still not be known perfectly. However, the principle of inguinal hernia is the elevation of pressure in the abdominal cavity and abdominal wall muscle weakness (due to age). Things that can cause a hernia are:
- Lifting the load is too heavy
- Ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity)
- Excessive physical activity