Disease Mumps (parotitis) spread all over the world and can occur in endemic or epidemic, these disorders tend to strike children aged 2-12 years. In adults, the infection can affect the testes (testicles), central nervous system, pancreas, prostate, breast and other organs.
The spread of the virus Mumps (parotitis) can be transmitted through direct contact, splashing saliva, vomit material, possibly with the urine. The virus can be found in the urine from the first day until the fourteenth day after the enlargement of the gland. Disease Mumps (parotitis) is rare in children younger than 2 years, it is because they still have or be protected by either anti-bodies. Someone who had suffered from the disease Mumps (parotitis), then he will have lifelong immunity.
Not all people infected by the virus paramyxovirus have complaints, about 30-40% of patients showed no signs of illness (subclinical). However, they can be a source of transmission of the disease.
The incubation period of mumps (parotitis) approximately 12-24 days with an average of 17-18 days. The signs and symptoms of infection and the development of the buds can be described sdebagai follows:
- In the initial stage (1-2 days) Mumps sufferers experience symptoms: fever (body temperature of 38.5 - 40 degrees Celsius), headache, muscle aches, loss of appetite, pain in the back of the jaw while chewing, and sometimes with rigid jaws (difficulty opening the mouth ).
- Further swelling of glands under the ears (parotid), which begins with swelling of one side of the gland and then the two have swollen glands.
- The swelling usually lasts about 3 days and then gradually deflated.
- Sometimes swelling of the glands under the jaw (submandibular) and glands under the tongue (sublingual). Puberty in males adalanya swelling testicles (testes) due to the spread through the bloodstream.
Almost all children who suffer from Mumps (parotitis) will recover fully without complications, but sometimes the symptoms worsened again after about 2 weeks. Circumstances such as this can cause complications, which the virus can invade organs other than the salivary glands. This may happen especially if the infection occurs after puberty.
Vaccination Mumps (parotitis) is part of routine immunization in childhood which is the prevention of disease lkangkah Mumps (parotitis).