Causes of Urinary stone disease is due to the formation of stones that can occur due to urine and salt / mineral that can form stones. Approximately 80% of stones composed of calcium, the remainder contains a variety of materials, including uric acid, cystine and mineral struvit. Struvit stone (a mixture of magnesium, ammonium and phosphate) are also called infection stones because these stones are formed only in the urine of infected.
Stone sizes vary, from which can not be seen until a diameter of 2.5 centimeters or more. A large stone called staghorn calculus. This stone can fill almost the entire renal pelvis and renal calices.
On Urinary Stone disease, small stones, usually causes no symptoms. However, the stone began to grow in the bladder may cause pain in the lower abdomen. Stones that obstruct the ureter, renal pelvis and renal tubules can even cause back pain or renal colic. Renal colic is characterized by severe pain and incurred loss, usually in the area between the ribs and hip bones, which spread to the abdomen, pubic area and inner thighs. Other symptoms are nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension, fever, chills and blood in the urine. Patients may be frequent urination, especially when the stones pass through the ureter.
Urinary stones can cause urinary tract infections. If the stone blocking the flow of urine, the bacteria will be trapped in the urine collected over the blockage, so there was an infection. If the blockage lasts a long time, the urine will flow back into the channel in the kidney, causing suppression that would inflate the kidneys (hydronephrosis) and eventually kidney damage can occur.
Plants that can be used to treat urinary stones, among others:
- All parts (50 grams) of Achyranthes aspera Linn, boiled, drinking before a meal, one day at a time.
- Drinking water from a Coconut - Cocos nucifera, Linn twice a day regularly
- 8 leaves of Clerodentrum calamitosum L boiled in 3 cups of boiling, and the remaining 1 1/2 cup. Filtered, and added honey to taste, drink 2 x 3/4 cup.