At first the symptoms are relatively mild respiratory tract, include itching in the throat, burning sensation in the chest, dry cough and runny nose. Then be intensified and coughing up phlegm. Palpable warmth and redness of the skin, especially in the face. Mouth and throat reddish, watery eyes and the whites had mild inflammation. Sometimes nausea and vomiting can occur, especially in children. After 2-3 days, most of the symptoms will disappear soon and the fever usually subsides, although sometimes fever lasted up to 5 days.
Influenza is a serious disease, but most healthy people will come back in 7-10 days. Complications can aggravate the disease. High risk of complications found in patients who are very young, elderly and people with heart disease, lung or nervous system. Sometimes influenza causes severe inflammation of the respiratory tract accompanied by bloody sputum (bronchitis hemorrhagic). The most serious complication is pneumonia virus; that can develop quickly and cause death within 48 hours. Pneumonia virus is likely to occur during an outbreak of influenza A. Other complications of bacterial pneumonia dalah that occurs because of disturbances in the ability of the lungs to eliminate or control the bacteria in the respiratory tract.
Although very rare, influenza virus is also associated with brain inflammation (encephalitis), heart (myocarditis) or muscles (myositis). Encephalitis can cause the patient was drowsy, confused or even fall into a coma. Myocarditis can cause a heart murmur or heart failure. Reye syndrome is a serious complication and can be fatal, which occurs mainly in children during an outbreak of influenza B. Reye syndrome primarily occurs when children receive aspirin or aspirin-containing medicines.
Diagnosis based on symptoms. Severity of the disease and the presence of high fever distinguish influenza from the common cold.
To confirm the diagnosis made from the secretions of patients virus culture.
The main flu treatment is rest, drink plenty of fluids and avoid fatigue. Bed rest should be done immediately after symptoms begin until 24-48 after the body temperature returned to normal. For severe disease but without complications, could be given asetaminofenn, aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen.
There are some plants that can be used to treat influenza, among others:
- 15 g of fresh leaves of Basella rubra Linn, Ialu washed with 2 cups boiling water until remaining 1 glass. After chilling filtered, add a little salt and stir until dissolved. Then drink.
- 30 grams of leaves of Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban crushed and screened to take water. Plus a little salt and drink.
- 25 grams leaves of Serpent wood - Rauvolfia serpentine boiled with 400cc of water until the remaining 200cc. After chilling filtered, drink once. Do it every day until it heals.