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Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban

Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban is a plant that has a synonym: Hydrocotyle asiatica, Linn. Pasequinus, Rumph. And included in the families: Umbelliferae

Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban from tropical Asia. Like the soil slightly damp and getting enough sun or shade, as in the meadows, fields. Sometimes planted as ground cover in plantations or as a vegetable crop, there to a height of 2,500 m above sea level. Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban is without a stem perennials, creeping with a length of 10 cm - 80 cm, root out of each tuber, much branched forming a new plant. Leaves a single, long-stemmed about 5 cm - 15 cm-shaped kidney. Serrated edges with a cross section of 1 cm - 7 cm, sometimes a little hairy. Flowers white or pink, the flowers arranged in the form of an umbrella. Flower stalk 5 mm - 50 mm. Small fruit depends, oval shape and flat length from 2 to 2.5 mm, it smells fragrant and tastes bitter.

Terms to Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban Growing:

Climate
  • Altitude: 1 m - 2,500 m above sea level
  • Annual rainfall: 1,500 mm - 2,500 mm / year
  • Wet months (above 100 mm / month): 9 months
  • Dry months (under 60 mm / month): 3 months - 4 months
  • Air temperature: 20 'C - 25' C
  • Humidity: High
  • Irradiation: Medium
Ground
  • Texture: sand to clay
  • Drainage: being - be
  • Ground water depth: 25 cm - 50 cm of the soil surface
  • Rooting depth: 5 cm - 25 cm of the soil surface
  • Acidity (pH): 5-7
  • Fertility: Medium

The composition of Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban:

Chemical properties and pharmacological effects: Taste sweet, cool. Anti-infective, antitoxic, fever. Chemical content: asiaticoside, thankuniside, isothankuniside, madecassoside, brahmoside, brahminoside, brahmic acid, madasiatic acid, meso-inositol, centellose, carotenoids, mineral salts such as salts of potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, iron, vellarine, tanning substances. Compounds called glycosides triterpenoida asiaticoside and similar compounds, has kasiat anti leprosy, hoof leaves contain compounds trigergepnoida glycosides, alkaloids hidrokotilin, steroids, tannins, essential oils, and mineral salts such as potassium salts, sodium, magnesium, calcium and iron

Disease can be treated with Centella asiatica, (Linn), Urban:

Typhoid, Headache, Influenza, epilepsy.
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