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Eucalyptus - Melaleuca leucadendra L

Eucalyptus - Melaleuca leucadendra L is a plant that has a synonym: = M. cajuputi, Roxb. = M. cumingiana et lancifolia Turcz. = M. minor Sm. = M. saligna B. = M. viridifolia, Gaertn. = Myrtus leucadendra, Linn, = M. saligna Gmel. And included in the families: Myrtaceae.

Eucalyptus - Melaleuca leucadendra L can be grown on barren soil, heat resistant and can sprout again after a fire. These plants can be found from the lowlands to 400 m above sea level., Can grow near the beach, behind the mangrove forest, in swamp land or establishing a small forest in the dry to wet soil. Tree, 10-20 m high, bark-coated, white-gray with peeling skin surface, irregular. Not a big trunk, with branches that hang down. Single leaf, a bit thick like leather, short-stemmed. Leaf blade elliptic or lanceolate, 4.5 to 15 cm long, 0.75 to 4 cm wide, tip and tapered base, flat edge, leaves almost parallel to the bone. Surface of the leaf-haired, gray-green to brownish green, leaves when crushed smell of Eucalyptus oil. Grains form of compound interest, such as bell-shaped flowers, white petals, the anthers yellowish white, branching out at the end. Fruit 2.5 to 3 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, color is brown to dark brown. Seeds smooth, very light as chaff, are yellow. The fruit is a traditional medicine. There are several varieties of Eucalyptus trees - Melaleuca leucadendra L. There is a red-colored wood, and there is a white timber. Rumphius differentiate Eucalyptus - Melaleuca leucadendra L in a large leaf varieties and varieties of small leaves. Small-leaved varieties, which are used to create Eucalyptus oil, through the refining process, will produce the so-called essential oils of Eucalyptus oil.

Composition of Eucalyptus - Melaleuca leucadendra L:

Chemical properties and Pharmacological effects: Skin tree: Fresh, neutral. Sedative. Leaves: Spicy, warm. Relieve pain (analgesic), laxative sweat (diaforetik), anti-rheumatic, laxative fart (carminative), relief of colic (spasmolitik). Fruit: Smelling the aromatic and spicy. Increase appetite (stomakik), carminative, and upset stomach. Chemical content: Cortex: Lignin, melaleucin. Leaves: Essential oils, consisting of 50% -65% sineol, alpha-terpineol, valeraldehida and benzaldehyde.

Curable Disease with Eucalyptus - Melaleuca leucadendra L:

Rheumatism, Inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhea, skin inflammation, cough, fever, flu.: Headache, toothache, eczema, pain in the bones and nerves, neurasthenia, insomnia, asthma.
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