Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L is a plant with a height of 2-3 m, trunked upright, rounded, woody, green and dirty. The leaves are single, long-stemmed, 6-10 cm. Shield-shaped leaves, green color. Single flower, rounded crown, the color changed to yellow and red before withering. Fruit box, oval, pointed tip, 5-6 cm long, green young and old after a blackish brown. Seeds round, black, covered with white hair.
The composition of the Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L:Fruit, flowers and leaves contain saponins, flavonoids, polyphenols, and alkaloids. Root bark contains gossypol (asesquiterpene) 0.56 to 2.05%, asparagine, a mixture of resin, and arginine. Oil from the seeds contain about 2% gossypol and flavonoids, as well as the content of unsaturated fatty acids are linoleic acid (54.16%) and oleic acid (15.58%). In addition, there are saturated fatty acids, such as palmitic, myristic, stearic, and arakidat. Gossypol efficacious to suppress sperm production and stimulates uterine contractions. High levels of unsaturated fatty acids led to its use would not increase blood cholesterol levels. Flowers contain kaempferol, herbacitrin, quercetin, isoquercetin, gossypetin, gossypitrin clan.
Curable Disease by Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L:Root or root bark sweet, warm nature. Nutritious and tonic as the stomach, spleen, and vital energy, antitussive, antiasmatik, stimulate uterine contractions, speeding up the birth of a baby, abortivum, reducing menstrual bleeding, facilitate blood clotting, and stimulates the release of breast milk. Seeds taste spicy, hot in nature. Tonic for the liver and kidneys, strengthen your spine and knees, stop the bleeding (hemostatis), uterine contractions, suppress sperm production, fever relief (antipyretic), anti-inflammatory, and skin softener. In addition, it has antibacterial and antiviral effects. Based on this research, since 1970 the oil from the seeds of Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L is a contraceptive in men. It is based on the discovery in China that the oil from the seeds of Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L is used for cooking will cause infertility in men. The active substance is gossypol. Seed oil of Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L causes degeneration of cells that produce sperm.
- Pregnant women are prohibited from drinking boiled seeds and roots of Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L because it can cause abortion.
- Gossypol has a low toxicity, but cause some side effects. At some users may develop temporary weakness that occurs in the early phase of treatment did not require treatment. Approximately 1.2% of nausea and vomiting occur, some complained of decreased sexual desire.
- Hypokalemia can occur in some users of these drugs without causing symptoms of potassium deficiency. Preferably, use of drugs is done with the supervision of an experienced herbalist.
- By removing gossypol from the seed oil Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L through further processing the seed oil Levant Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum L are safe for consumption and potentially reduce high blood cholesterol levels.