Cervical cancer is a malignancy that can themselves be prevented by:
- Have the preinvasif (before becoming malignant) of the old
- Cytology (cells) to detect early cervical cancer is available
- Preinvasif lesion therapy (seeds malignancy) is quite effective
Risk factors of cervical cancer:
- Sexual and reproductive factors
- Conditions of immunosuppression (immune impairment)
- Infection with HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
Examination and symptoms of cervical cancer:Periodic examination for all women especially those with risk factors using the Pap smear is an effective way to detect early cervical cancer and early and adequate treatment. In addition to pap smear, another method is visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) or Lugol's Iodine (villi) and HPV-hybrid capture. The test is easy to do and have effective results.
The most common symptom of cervical cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting (spotting) vagina. This is especially true abnormal bleeding after intercourse, but can also arise between two menstrual bleeding, menorrhagia, postmenopausal bleeding. If the bleeding lasts for a long time, the patient may complain of fatigue and weakness due to anemia experienced. A watery yellowish spots followed by the stench can be a sign of malignancy. Symptoms usually appear when the abnormal cells become malignant and infiltrate the surrounding tissues.
To become cervical cancer takes up to a dozen years. Lesions (wounds or marks) in early cervical cancer lesions can be either an induration (hard) or ulceration (ulcers), or areas of little elevation (rise) and bergranul that bleed easily when touched.
Staging of cervical cancer:International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system is used for the evaluation and diagnosis of cervical cancer based on symptoms that occur. namely:
- Stage I.
- Stage II.
- Stage III.
- Stage IV.