The cause of colitis:
- Viral, bacterial or parasitic.
- Ischemic colitis (inadequate blood flow)
- An autoimmune reaction.
- Microscopic colitis.
- Radiation-induced colitis in the colon.
Symptoms that appear on the colitis.To understand the symptoms of colitis we must first understand the function of the colon. The colon is part of the digestive organs in charge of collecting and storing while the rest of the digestion of food. After digestion of nutrients absorbed in the small intestine, then the rest will enter the large intestine digestion. Food waste will be mixed with mucus and digestive bacteria and colon mucosa will absorb water and electrolytes to form feces. Inflamed mucous membranes will cause symptoms of colitis. Supply oxygen and nutrients to the colon by a specific artery. Diseases that interfere with the arterial supply can also cause inflammation of the colon.
Some other symptoms that occur in colitis:
- Bloating and improved bowel air.
- Bleeding during bowel movements. Must be distinguished from a bleeding hemorrhoid.
- Tenesmus or pain due to stretching of the bowel movement.
- Abdominal pain can become heavy and reduced. Pain increases and then decreases as diarrhea.
- Pain can be continued indefinitely
- Fever, chills and other signs of infection according to the cause of colitis.