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Plant to Treat Edema (swelling)

Edema (swelling) is the excessive accumulation of fluid between the cells of the body or in various body cavities. It occurs as a result of an imbalance of the various factors that control the movement of body fluids, such as hemodynamic disturbances that cause the capillary system of sodium and water retention, kidney disease and the transfer of water from the intravascular to intestinum. Tissue swelling due to excess fluid interstisium known as edema (swelling).

The cause of edema (swelling) can be grouped into four general categories:

  • Decrease in plasma protein concentration causes a decrease in plasma osmotic pressure.
This decrease causes fluid filtration out of the vessel is higher, while the amount of fluid reabsorbed less than normal, so there is extra fluid left in the room interstisium. Edema (swelling) caused by a decrease in plasma protein concentration can occur in several ways: spending too much of plasma protein in the urine due to kidney disease, decreased plasma protein synthesis due to liver disease (liver synthesize virtually all plasma proteins), foods that contain less protein, or protein expenditure due to extensive burns.

  • Increased permeability of capillary walls causing plasma protein that exit from the capillaries into the surrounding fluid interstisium more.
For example, through the widening of the capillary pores in the histamine-induced tissue injury or allergic reactions. A decrease in plasma colloid osmotic pressure is lowered towards the temporary increase in colloid osmotic pressure of the fluid interstisium caused by excessive protein in interstisium fluid pressure increases towards the outside. This imbalance contributes cause edema (swelling) associated with local injury.

  • Increased venous pressure, such as blood in the veins unstoppable, will be accompanied by an increase in capillary blood pressure, because they drain the contents into the venous capillaries.
Increasing pressure towards the capillary wall was mainly instrumental in edema (swelling) that occurs in congestive heart failure. Edema (swelling) can also occur due to regional local restriction venous return. One example is the swelling in the legs and feet are common in pregnancy. The enlarged uterus pressing the large veins that drain blood from the veins of the lower limb at the time of the entry into the abdominal cavity. Damming of blood in these veins causing leg encourage Edema (swelling) in the lower limb region.

  • Blockage of lymph vessels causing edema (swelling), due to excess fluid in the fluid filtered out interstisium stuck and can not be returned to the blood via the lymph system.
Accumulation of protein in the fluid interstisium aggravate the problem through osmotiknya effect. Local lymph blockage may occur, for example in the arms of women who limfenya drainage of the arm is blocked due to lymph node removal during surgery for breast cancer. More extensive lymph blockage occurs in filariasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by mosquitoes are mainly found in tropical regions. In this disease, small filarial worms infect the lymph vessels are similar threads so that an interruption of lymph flow. The affected body part, especially the scrotum and extremities, have edema (swelling) great. The disorder is often referred to as elephantiasis,

Therapy Edema (swelling) should include treatment of the underlying cause. Reduction in sodium intake should be taken to minimize water retention. not all patients with edema (swelling) requiring pharmacologic therapy, in some patients with non-pharmacological therapies are very effective as a reduction in sodium intake (ie less than the amount excreted by the kidneys) and raise the legs above the level of the left atrium. But in certain circumstances diuretic should be administered with non-pharmacological therapies.

There are some plants that can be used to treat edema (swelling), among others:

50-70 grams of the skin of the tree Frangipani - Plumeria rubra L.cv. Acutifolia crushed and boiled until boiling. Use boiled water to compress or soaking the body part that has edema (swelling).
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