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Plant to Treat Yaws Diseases

Yaws is a chronic, recurrent. Lesions of primary and secondary skin lesions are very contagious and infectious lesions are lesions that are not tertiary (advanced) destructive. Typical initial lesion is a papilloma arising on the face and extremities. It comes in a few weeks or months, usually painless, unless there is secondary infection. Proliferation is slow and can form lesions yaws (raspberry) or lesions with ulcer (ulceropapilloma). Satellite papilloma arising before or immediately after the initial lesion healed, these lesions arise and grow in groups and often accompanied by bone periostitis on retainer (saber shin) and finger (polidaktilitis) and the symptoms are mild onstitusional. Papilloma and hyperkeratosis on the palms of the hands and feet can occur either in early or advanced stage. The lesions caused great pain and usually cause disability. Lesions will heal spontaneously but may recur in other places during the early and late phases.

The final stage has the characteristics of destructive lesions of the skin and bone, occurring in 10-20% of patients who do not get treatment, usually appears after 5 years or more after infection. No congenital transmission and infection rarely occurs, and if it happens it is usually fatal infection, and cause disability. Unlike the infection by syphilis, yaws did not attack the brain, eyes, aorta or the tools on the abdomen.

The disease is caused by Treponema pallidum, subspecies pertenue from spirochaeta. Yaws particularly affects children living in rural tropical hot, humid, more often found in men. Global prevalence of yaws declined dramatically after treatment with penicillin campaign en masse in the 1950s and the 1960s, but yaws disease reappeared in most of western equatorial Africa and the spread of the infection remains in the focus of Latin America, Caribbean islands, India, Asia Southeast and Islands South Pacific.

Yaws transmitted by direct contact with exudate in the early lesions of the skin of people exposed to infection. Indirect transmission through contamination from scratch, the goods are in contact with skin and possibly also by flies that settle on an open wound, but this is uncertain. Temperature also affects the
morphology, distribution and infection rates of early lesions. Incubation period: From 2 to 3 weeks. Time of transmission: The transmission varies and can extend that appear intermittently for several years barupa wet lesions. The bacteria that cause infections are not usually found in end-stage destructive lesions.

To protect a country from the risk of reinfection that is doing the active mass treatment program for the community, the neighboring countries in the near-endemic areas should do some research to find a way suitable for the treatment of disease yaws. Against people who moved through the state border, surveillance needs to be done.

There are some plants that can be used to treat Yaws, among others:

50 grams of the skin of the tree Frangipani - Plumeria rubra L.cv. Acutifolia boiled until boiling, and water used for bathing, or to compress on the sore spot
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