Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em is very common in Europe and western Asia, growing in soil with wet grass or the edge of the ditch. In Indonesia Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em used to be planted in pots or in the garden as a medicinal plant. Grow to form clumps, high 20-50 cm. Quasi-trunked plants. Single leaf, oval, tapered tip and base, flat edge, surface rough-haired, length 27-50 cm, width from 4.5 to 14 cm, midrib grow alternate form rosette at the base of the root, green color. Compound interest, funnel shape, yellowish white. Fruit round, each consists of a 4 seed. Seeds round, small, hard, and black.
Composition of Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em:Chemical constituents: The leaves of Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em contains symphytine, echimidine, anadoline, al-kaloid pyrrolizidine (PAs), tannins, volatile oils, allantoin, and vitamins (B 1, B2, C and E). Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are known to cause liver damage, called hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD). While the roots containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids with a larger number of leaves. Farkologis Effects and Outcomes Research: lnfus Comfrey leaf - Symphytum officinale L. Em 20% at doses of 25 and 40 ml / kg bw have the effect of lowering blood sugar levels male white mice, comparable to the suspension klorpropamida 22.5 mg / kg bw.
Curable Disease with Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em:Rheumatism, body aches, diarrhea, typhoid, heartburn, breast cancer, bronchitis, bruises, ulcers, diabetes mellitus, fractures, hypertension, colitis, mastitis, tonsillitis.
- Overuse cause toxicity, especially liver damage.
- We recommend use of Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em for treatment are limited to more research on medicinal plants was completed. Recent research has revealed that Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L. Em is a plant that is carcinogenic (if eaten)
- For external use, use Comfrey leaf - Symphytum officinale L. Em as a remedy for healing wounds and broken bones are not problematic.