Causes of Premenstrual syndrome:The cause of premenstrual syndrome is not yet clear, but may be one factor that plays a role is an imbalance between estrogen and progesterone with consequent fluid and sodium retention, weight gain, and sometimes edema.
Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome:The complaint consists of emotional disorders such as irritability, anxiety, insomnia, headache, flatulence, nausea, enlargement and breast pain, and so on, were in severe cases are depression, fear, impaired concentration, and an increase in physical symptoms above.
Factors Affecting Premenstrual Syndrome:
- Deficiency of macro and micro nutrients
- Relationship Status
A study in 1994 titled Biological, Social and Behavioral Factors Associated with Premenstrual Syndrome involving 874 women in Virginia found that people who are married tend to have a lower risk for experiencing premenstrual syndrome (3.7%) than in those who not married (12.6).
Prevention and management of premenstrual syndrome include:
- Education and counseling
- Lifestyle modification
- Diet (consumption patterns)
- Sports / exercise