Kaempferia rotunda L is often referred to as Curcuma alba, although the term is actually a scientific name wrong. Because the leaves are beautifully patterned and the growth is not high, the figure resembles plants that are planted in the garden or in pots. Besides being used as a mixture of traditional herbs, Kaempferia rotunda L is also often used for traditional cosmetics. There are two phases grow from Kaempferia rotunda L. The first is called the vegetative phase, the normal growth as usual with artificial leaves and stems. Secondly, the generative phase. At this stage it looks just the flowers alone. The plant is located on the lowlands with an altitude of less than 750 m above sea level. Tall annual herb with 30-70 cm is growing crowded with pseudo stem that grows from rhizomes. Single leaf, blade-shaped leaves lanceolate, 20-30 cm long, 7.5 to 10 cm wide, pointed tip, flat edge, light green color with brown patterned the center. Flowers out of the rhizome with a pseudo-stem short. Flowers can grow gather, often multiple petals bloom at the same time, the color is reddish purple. Roots fleshy rhizomes forming a not too large, the size of a quail egg. From the parent rhizome roots out the rough edges are watering seedlings and rhizomes that seemed to grow gather to cover the parent rhizome. If rhizomes split white color looks pale, delicate fibrous and bitter.
The composition of Kaempferia rotunda L:
The rhizome contains essential oils light yellow, slightly smelly, containing borneol, sineol, methyl khavikol, and saponins.
Curable Disease with Kaempferia rotunda L:
Rhizome is bitter, its cool. Potent anti-inflammatory, carminative, and accelerate wound healing.