Rabies is an acute infectious disease of the central nervous system caused by the rabies virus. Rabies has a zoonotic nature of the disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans.
Causes RabieRabies is caused by the rabies virus into the family Rhabdoviridae and genus Lysavirus. The main characteristic is the Rhabdoviridae virus has only one negative rods that are not segmented RNA. The virus lives in some kind of animal that acts as an intermediary for the transmission. Intermediate species varies in different geographical settings. Animals are known to mediate rabies include raccoons (Procyon lotor) and skunks (Memphitis memphitis) in North America, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Europe, and the dogs in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Africa, Asia, and Latin America still has a high rate of rabies. Infection can also occur through intermediary animal licks on broken skin. After infection, the virus will go through the nerves leading to the spinal cord and brain and replicate there. Furthermore, the virus will move again through the nerves to the non-neuronal tissues, such as salivary glands and into the saliva. Infected animals may have rabies savage / malignant or benign rabies / quiet. In the wild rabies malignant, infected animals seem aggressive, biting and swallowing all sorts of goods, kept dripping saliva, restless wailing became paralyzed and died. In rabies tame / calm, infected animals or local paralysis paralysis, like to hide in dark places, experiencing seizures and difficulty breathing, as well as showing ferocity.
Symptoms of the Rabies diseaseRabies symptoms usually begin to occur within 30-50 days after infection. The incubation period of the virus until the appearance of the disease in dogs is 10-14 days but can be up to 9 months in humans. When caused by a dog bite, the wound that has a high risk of infection in the mucous covering, a cut above the shoulder area (head, face, neck), injury to the fingers or toes, sores in the genital area, or in the wide wound, and the wound is much . While the wound with a low risk of the skin covering the wound licking, scratching or abrasions, and minor wound around the hands, body, and legs.
Symptoms will be experienced by someone who is infected with rabies include 4 stages:
- Prodromal stage
- Stadium sensory
- Stadium excitation
- Paralytic stage
There are some herbs that can be used to treat dog bites, and reduce the risk of rabies, among others:Few leaves of Hophead Philippine Violet - Barleria lupulina Lindl smoothed and filtered to take water. Then applied to the dog bite.
The way the above is an alternative way, treatment by medical personnel is the best way to treat the effects of a dog bite.