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Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L

Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L is a plant that has synonyms: Vitex negundo, Vitex rotundifolia Lf And included in the familia: Verbanaceae

Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L is an aromatic plant, 1-4 m tall. Brown bark-old, young stems rectangle, much branched. Leaves compound, opposite, leaflets 1-3, the end of child-stemmed leaves less than 0.5 cm, ovoid blade, the child leaves the largest 49.5 x 1.75 to 3.75 cm. Petals leaves 3 to 4.5 mm. Crown tube 7-8 mm., Lower lip 4-6 mm diameter. Stamen tube near the middle of the crown, the length of two. Pistil: perfect 2 space, seated lateral ovules, pistil stalk forked end. Watery or dried fruit, hard walls. Flowering time from January to December. In general, growing wild in the forest areas, secondary forest, on the edge of the road, the rice field. This plant is easy to grow in any type of soil, but prefers a rather dry and in open areas. Grows well in growth medium consisting of a mixture of sand, manure and clay.

Composition of Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L:

Essential oils Leaves of Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L contains composed of sesquiterpene, terpenoids, esters, alkaloids (vitrisin), flavone glycosides (artemetin and 7-desmetil artemetin) and non-flavonoid components friedelin, ß-sitosterol, glucoside and hydrocarbons. The results of the leaf essential oil of Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L on the basis of color reaction using thin layer chromatography method, discovered class of compounds and aldehydes or ketones, unsaturated compounds, compounds with conjugated double bonds, terpenoid compounds, while the analysis by gas chromatography found the existence of sineol. Oil seeds from Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L containing hydrocarbons, fatty acids. In other plant species are Vitex negundo L. found protokatekuat acid, 5-hydroxy isophthalic acid, glukononitol. While the type of Vitex agnus cactus L., in addition to containing essential oils, it also contains iridoid glycosides are aukubin and agnusid. Wooden parts of Vitex lucens (L.) T. Kirk (Tj = litoralis A. Cunn) found viteksin, isoviteksin, orientin, isoorientin, visenin (6.8-C-diglukoflavon), p-hydroxy benzoic acid from an extract.

Curable Disease with Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L:

Biological and pharmacological effects: essential oils from the leaves Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L with 12.5% ​​had levels of antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Ethanol-soluble fraction of the leaf extract which is soluble in n-hexane and ethanol-soluble extract can inhibit contractions of guinea pig trachea in vitro at result due administration of histamine. The results of other studies on ethanol-soluble extract of the effects antelmintika against Ascaris and Ancylostoma sp sp. Oil from Chasteberry - Vitex trifolia L can protect guinea pigs from the bite of Aedes aegypti during a certain time.
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