Porcupine flower - Barleria prionitis L comes from tropical Asia and South Africa. In Indonesia, found in arid climates, grows wild or planted to fence, from the lowlands to 400 m above sea level. Height of 1.5 - 2 m. Woody stems, square, hairy, strong spiny leaves contained in the armpit. Single leaf, young leaf-haired, face layout., Long petiole 4-8 mm. Leaves elongated egg round, pointed tip, base tapering to narrow along the shaft, flat edge slightly wavy, long 2-18 cm, width 2 to 6.5 cm, green color. Flowers single, symmetrical two-sided, in the armpit leaves, crown elongated elliptical shape, the color yellow. Fruit boxes, oval, flat, slightly tapered ends, hard, split in two, it's green. Seeds oval, flat, brown color.
The composition of the Porcupine flower - Barleria prionitis L:The chemistry and pharmacological effects: The leaves have a weak odor. Chemical constituents: Leaves from Porcupine flower - Barleria prionitis L contains saponins, flavonoids, tannins, potassium salts, and silicates. While the roots contain saponins, flavonoids, and polyphenols.
Pharmacological Effects and Outcomes Research:
- Decoction of the leaves Porcupine flower - L Barleria prionitis given to white mice showed increases urine flow rate significantly.
- Higher concentrations of Porcupine flower leaf infusions - Barleria prionitis L for kidney stones solubility of calcium and potassium in vitro, the more material dissolved, except for calcium, the highest concentration of 7.5%.