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Zingiber aromaticum Val

Plant Zingiber aromaticum Val is included in the familia: Zingiberaceae

Zingiber aromaticum Val including low to high herbaceous, perennial, native stem form rhizomes under the ground, more than 1 m high. A collection of pseudo-stem alternate leaf midrib, on the ground, several rods colonizers, green, creeping rhizomes, fleshy, meaty, aromatic. Single leaf, seated alternate, pseudo-midrib forming rods, strands; narrow lancet shape, in the middle or above the middle, length 3-7 times width, base, pointed or blunt, tapered ends, hairy on the upper surface, the bone at the base of the leaf or, 14-40 x 3 to 8.5 cm long, hairy stalk, 45 mm. Flowers have a diverse composition, shape oval, appears on the ground, erect, smooth-haired, slim thick, 9-31 cm long, 2 to 2.5 times the width, pointed toes rather wide, flat leaves with tip protector, size 1.54 x 1.54 cm. Petals bright yellow, dark green, or. white, tube 2-3 cm, pointed tip, the large posterior corolla 1.5 to 2.5 x 1-2 cm, Stamen bright yellow, 8-10 mm, 7 mm connector. 3 conference ovary, ovules many, axillary position, stigma stalk forked free. Inverted ovoid fruit, red, 12 x 8 mm. Seeds rounded elongated, average 4 mm. Flowering Time: January to April. Habitat and Cultivation Plants are located in areas of tropical Asia. Grows well under teak forest. This plant will be able to grow well in the woods, gardens, yards to the intensity of the sun in the shade about 11-585 lux.

The composition of Zingiber aromaticum Val:

The rhizome of Zingiber aromaticum Val contains a volatile oil that is composed of a-kurkumen, bisabolen, zingiberen, kariofilen, seskuifelandren, zerumbon, limonene, camphor; besides spicy substance gingerol, sogaol, zingeron, paradol, heksahidrokurkumin, dihidrogingerol; another information mentioned resin , tannins, resins, starch, sugar.

Curable Disease with Zingiber aromaticum Val:

Biological and pharmacological effects: essential oils of rhizome Zingiber aromaticum Val with the lowest levels of 1.56% to inhibit the growth of Streptococcus alpha in vitro, and antibacterial. Essential oils of rhizome Zingiber aromaticum Val has antibacterial power against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli. Rhizome extracts with concentrations of 100% able to kill the hookworm. The increase in uterine contractility resulting from the provision of infusa rhizomes irritation expected because of the nature and possible effects of decreased uterine contractility, is expected due to the direct effects of essential oils on the uterine muscle. Fraction of water-soluble extract of rhizomes can cause stimulatory effects of humoral immune responses, suppress cellular immune response in mice. Extract fraction which is insoluble in water can affect phagocytosis system stimulation.
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