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Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss

Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss are plants that are included in the familia: Meliaceae

Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss has 8-15 m height. Simpodial stem, bark containing gum, bitter. Leaves 3-10 cm long, 0.5 to 3.5 cm wide, base asymmetrical tapered, pointed tip, light green color. Flowers is located at the end of the armpit leaves, 5-30 cm, smooth hair at the base of the stalk, stalk 1-2 mm. Petals yellowish, an average of 1 mm. Crown yellowish white, 5-7 mm long. Stamens form a tube, an outer smooth bald or short hair, the hair next meeting. Pistil has an average length of 3 mm. A round, yellowish green 1.5-2 cm. Flowering time from March to December. Growing up in the tropics, in the lowlands, in a dry, often found on the edge of the road or in the woods.


The composition of the Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss:

Metabolites were found from the Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss include: disetil vilasinin, nimbandiol, 3-desasetil salanin, salanol, azadirachtin. Seeds containing azadirahtin, azadiron, azadiradion, epoksiazadiradion, gedunin, 17-epiazadiradion, 17-hydroxy azadiradion and alkaloids. Metabolites were found in extracts of fresh twigs soluble dikIorometana include desasetil nimbinolid, desasetil nimbin, desasetil isonimbinolid. Bark and root bark contains nimbin, nimbinin, nimbidin, nimbosterol, nimbosterin, sugiol, nimbiol, margosin (an alkaloid compound). Results hydrolysis flower extract found quercetin, kaempferol, and little mirisetin. From the wood was found nimaton, 15% condensed tannin substances. Fruits contain alkaloids (azaridin). Leaves contain Paraisin, an alkaloid and essential oil component containing sulfide compounds. Green stems and twigs containing 2 tetranor butenolida hydroxy triterpenoids are desasetil nimbinolida and desasetil isonimbinolida which was isolated along with desasetil nimbin. 'In addition there is also a 17-epiazadiradion compound, 17-p-hidroksiazadiradion, azadirahtin, azadiron, azadiradion, epoksiazadiradion, and gedunin.

Curable Disease with Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss:

Biological and pharmacological effects: Indian Lilac - Azadirachta indica A. Juss has potent anti-insect with azadirachtin as the most potent component. Leaf extract can have an effect as a natural fungicide in controlling anthracnose disease on apples, effect of insecticides against Aedes aegypti larvae. Seed extract sublethal effect on microstructure ventrikulus anatomy and growth inhibition of Plasmodium berghei in mice. Toxicity can cause eye irritation and soft tissue, as well as the possible cause of inflammation.
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