Ascaris lumbricoides usually are able to infect multiple channels associated with the gastrointestinal tract such as the pancreas, and bile ducts. It also can infect the appendix. The treatment is carried out if they are still in the gastrointestinal tract is to use drugs that are crippling worm like pirantel pamoate. Pirantel pamoate will cause interference with the movement of the worm so easily expelled through the anus.
Factors of disease transmissionAscaris spread throughout the world, with the greatest frequency in the humid tropical countries, where the prevalence rate can reach above 50%. The prevalence and intensity of infection are highest in children between the ages of 3 and 8 years old. In the United States, Ascaris commonly found among immigrants from developing countries.
Transmission occurs by ingesting eggs from the fertile soil contaminated with human feces or contaminated raw product with soil containing worm eggs. Transmission does not occur directly from person, to person or from fresh feces to people. Transmission occurs most frequently around the house, mostly due to infection in children ingesting contaminated soil. Soil contaminated with worm eggs can be carried away by clinging to the feet or footwear inside the house, transmission can also occur through the dust.
Eggs reach the soil through feces, and thrive; summer temperatures they become infective after 2-3 weeks and then remain infective for months or years on the ground in a suitable condition. The eggs are swallowed they hatch in the lumen of the intestine, the larvae penetrate the intestinal wall and reach the lungs through the circulatory system. Larvae grow and develop in the lungs; 9-10 days after their infection into the alveoli, through the trachea and swallowed to reach the small intestine 14-20 days after infection, in the small intestine they grow up, get married and start laying 45-60 days after ingesting eggs terembrionasi.