Chronic bronchitis is not a chronic form of acute bronchitis. So treatment is also different from acute bronchitis. However, over time, can be found in the acute period of chronic bronchitis. This shows the bacteria attacks the bronchial wall abnormalities. Secondary infection by bacteria can cause more damage so it will make things worse.
The causes of chronic bronchitis:
- Environmental stimuli (eg, smoking)
- Socio-economic factors
Pathophysiology of chronic bronchitis:Your doctor will diagnose chronic bronchitis if the patient has a cough or sputum production experience for more than three months in a year or at least two consecutive years.
The attack of bronchitis is caused because the body is exposed to infectious and non-infectious agents (especially cigarettes). Irritants (substances that cause irritation) will cause an inflammatory response that will cause vasodilatation, congestion, mucosal edema, and bronkopasme. Unlike emphysema, bronchitis affects more small airways and alveoli than. In an bronchitis, airflow still allows no obstacles.
Patients with chronic bronchitis will experience:
- Increasing the size and number of mucus glands in the bronchus thus increasing mucus production.
- More viscous mucus
- Siliari malfunction that can reduce mucus clearance mechanism.