Migraine is rather difficult to distinguish from other types of headaches. Headache due to interference caused by sinus or tension neck muscles have symptoms similar to the symptoms of migraine. Migraine can occur with other diseases such as asthma and depression. The disease is very severe, such as a tumor or infection, can also cause similar symptoms of migraine.
Migraine is divided into two major categories, namely:Common migraine (migraine without aura)
Most people with migraine get into this type. Usual migraine headache characterized by throbbing on one side with a moderate to severe intensity and getting worse during activity. Migraine is also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, sound, and smell. Headache will recover within 4 to 72 hours, even if left untreated.
Classic migraine (migraine with aura)
In the classical type, migraine is usually preceded by a symptom called an aura, which occurred within 30 minutes before a migraine arises. Classic migraine is 30% of all migraine.
Causes of MigrainesThe exact cause of migraine is still not so clear. It is estimated, the excess activity of the brain's electrical impulses increase blood flow in the brain, resulting in brain blood vessel dilation and inflammation. Dilation and inflammation causing pain and other symptoms, such as nausea. More severe inflammation that occurs, the more severe migraine suffered. It is known that genetic factors contribute to the onset of a migraine.
Migraine SymptomsEarly Symptoms
One or two days before a migraine arises, patients usually experience early symptoms such as weakness, excessive yawning, really want a jensi food (eg chocolate), irritable, and restless.
Only found in classical migraine. It usually occurs within 30 minutes prior to the onset of a migraine. Aura can be shaped visual disturbances such as seeing wavy lines, bright lights, dark spots, or can not see objects clearly. Another aura symptoms are tingling or tingling in the hands. Some people can not pronounce the words properly, weakness on one side of the body, or feeling confused. Patients may experience only one symptom or several kinds of symptoms, but these symptoms did not occur simultaneously but alternately. An aura symptoms usually disappear when headache or other aura symptoms arise. But sometimes the aura symptoms persisted at the beginning of a headache.
Headache and accompanying symptoms
Patients feel the throbbing pain on one side of the head, often felt behind the eyes. Pain can switch on the side next to the next attack, or on both sides. The pain ranges from moderate to severe.
Other symptoms that often accompany the headache include:
- Excessive sensitivity to light, sound, and smell
- Nausea and vomiting
- Symptoms of more severe if physical activity
Once cured headache, the patient may feel pain in the muscles, fatigue, or even feel the excitement of the brief. These symptoms disappear within 24 hours after the loss of a headache.
Causes of MigrainesMigraines can be caused by diet, stress, and changes in daily routine activities, although it is unclear how and why it can cause migraines. Migraine Triggers include:
- Consumption of certain foods, like chocolate, MSG, and coffee
- Excessive sleep or lack of sleep
- Do not eat
- Changes in the weather or air pressure
- Stress or emotional distress
- Terrible smell or smoke
- The light is very bright or reflected sunlight.
Around the world, migraine affects 25% of women and 10% men. Women are two to three times more likely to get migraines than men. Migraine is most common on adults (aged between 20 to 50 years), but with age, the severity and the frequency decreases. Migraine is usually a lot about teenagers. In fact, children can experience migraine with or without aura. Greater risk of experiencing migraine in people who have a family history of migraine sufferers.