The sting of the scorpion has the same prevalence worldwide. Can occur in certain climates and it is also a seasonal phenomenon. Prevalence was similar between men and women. Infants and children may be more susceptible than adults scorpion stings. One of the factors that influence the onset of the disease occurs in many places scorpions, as in plantations, rice fields, and others.
Causes of scorpion stingsSimply put scorpion stings are divided into 2 groups Venomous (toxic) and Non-Venomous (non-toxic). poisonous scorpions are usually attacked by stinging, and poison can be deadly. It is a defense mechanism in a way that can inject poison or through stinging apparatus. While not poisonous scorpion sting and penetrating, and only cause itching. Types of scorpions some sort, you can see the different types of scorpion.
The pathogenesis of scorpion stingsScorpion stings would cause minor damage to the skin, through the shock that will go directly antigen response by the body's immune system. From scorpion venom contains a complex substances. The reaction against these antigens will usually release histamine, serotonin, formic acid or quinine. Lesions that arise due to the body's immune response to antigens produced by scorpion stings. Reactions that arise involving the immune mechanism. Reactions that arise can be divided into 2 groups: immediate reactions and delayed reactions. Immediate reaction is a common reaction and reaction characterized by local or systemic reactions. Lesions may also arise due to the toxin produced by the sting of a scorpion. Broader tissue necrosis can be caused by trauma are mediated by endothelial release of neutrophils. Spingomyelinase D is a toxin that plays a role in the onset of neutrophilic reaction. Hyaluronidase enzymes are also present in the venom of scorpions will damage the dermis layer so as to accelerate the spread of the toxin.
Some plants that can be used to treat scorpion stings, among others:
- 30 grams of leaves of wood Serpent - Rauvolfia serpentine, mashed, and is used to dress wounds sting. Its function is to neutralize toxins.
- 30 grams root of the Serpent wood - Rauvolfia serpentine, boiled with 600cc of water until the remaining 200cc. After chilling filtered. Drink morning and evening, 100cc.