Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees also referred to creat, king of bitters, andrographis, India echinacea. This plant can be found growing wild in the open, like in the garden, by the river, vacant land, or in the yard. Grown in the lowlands to an altitude of 700 m above sea level. Height 50-90 cm, stems have many branches quadrangular (kwadrangularis) with enlarged nodes. Single leaf, short-stemmed, where the cross face, lanceolate, base tapering, pointed tip, flat edge, upper surface dark green, light green bottom, length 2-8 cm, width 1-3 cm. Flowers branching out from the tip of the stem or leaves armpits. Tubular flowers, small, color is white with purple blotches. Fruit about 1.5 cm long, 0.5 cm wide, the base and the tip sharp, when the cook would be broken into 4 pieces. Seeds flattened, small, light brown color.
Terms Growing of Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata NeesClimate
- Elevation: 1 m - 700 m above sea level
- Annual rainfall: 2,000 mm - 3,000 mm / year
- Air temperature: 250 C - 320 C
- Humidity: medium
- Irradiation: medium
- Texture: sandy
- Drainage: Good
- Groundwater depth: 200 cm - 300 cm of the soil surface
- Depth of roots: over 25 cm of the soil surface
- Acidity (pH): 5.5 to 6.5
- Fertility: medium - high
Composition of Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees:Chemical properties and pharmacological effects:
The bitter, bitter cold, including the lung meridian, stomach, colon and small intestine.
Leaves and branches containing laktone consisting of deoksiandrografolid, Andrographolide (bitter substances), neoandrografolid, 14-deoxy-11-12-didehidroandrografolid, and homoandrografolid. There is also a flavonoid, alkane, ketone, aldehyde, minerals (potassium, calcium, sodium), grit acid, and resin. Flavotioid most isolated from the root, ie polimetoksiflavon, andrografin, panikulin, mono-0-metilwithin, and apigenin-7, 4 - dimetileter. Andrographolide active substances proved efficacious as a hepatoprotective (protects liver cells from toxic substances).
Pharmacological Effects and Outcomes Research:
- Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees potent bacteriostatic at aurcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris, Shigella dysenteriae, and Escherichia coli.
- Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees is very effective for the treatment of infection. In vitro, boiled water stimulates white blood cell phagocytosis.
- Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees reduce fever caused by the vaccine that causes the heat in rabbits.
- Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees to terminate the pregnancy and inhibit the growth of the placenta trofosit.
- Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees has muscarinic effects on blood vessels, the effect on ischemic heart, the effect on cell respiration, choleretic properties, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial.
- Active components such as ncoandrografolid, Andrographolide, deoksiandrografolid and 14-deoxy-11, 12-didehidroandrografolid potent anti-inflammatory and antipyretic.
- Giving decoction of leaves of Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees (40%) of 20 mg / mm can lower blood glucose levels of white rats.
- Infusion of the leaves of Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees (5%, 10% and 15%), all of which can lower the body temperature of guinea pigs made fever
- Fraction of ethanol plants Green chirayta - Andrographis paniculata Nees has the effect of antihistamines. Increased concentration will increase the resistance isolated guinea pig ileum contraction induced by histamine