Javanese elder - Sambucus javanica Reinw from Indonesia, can be found from the lowlands to an altitude of 1,000 m above sea level. Javanese elder - Sambucus javanica Reinw found growing wild in many mountainous areas or population grown as an ornamental plant in the yard, and sometimes found as a hedge plant. These plants generally like places that are not too dry or too humid. 1-3 m high. Round and many branched stems. Leaves are alternate compound leaves are located. There are 5-9 leaflets. Child-stemmed leaves, elongated elliptical shape to lanceolate, 8-15 cm long, width 3-5 cm, pointed tip, serrated edge, dark green color of the upper surface, lower surface light green. Small flowers with 5 petals yellow white, come together to form an umbrella compound, out of the end of the branch, smells wonderful. Fruits are round, black color when ripe with a diameter of 3-4 mm.
Composition of Javanese elder - Sambucus javanica Reinw:Chemical properties and pharmacological effects:
Sweet, warm. Login liver meridian (liver). Root: antispasmodic and eliminate swelling. Stems and leaves: diuretic, eliminate swelling and relieve pain (analgesic) and circulation.
Essential oils, ursolic acid, beta-sitosterol, alpha-amyrin palmitate, KNO3, tannins.