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You Need to Know: the Signs of Obesity

Obesity or being overweight has an adverse effect on health, especially in women. Studies show that being overweight can increase the risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease. Women who are obese are also at higher risk of back pain naturally and knee osteoarthritis. In fact, contraception and fertility levels are also influenced obesity. It is therefore important to understand the signs of obesity and take preventive measures before it 's too late.

Explained Dr Raman Goel ( senior bariatric surgeon and chief of bariatric surgery at Nova Specialty Surgery, Mumbai ) in Health Me Up, the signs of obesity include:

  • Shortness of Breath
Obese people will find it difficult to move. Fat around the neck and chest can cause shortness of breath. Therefore, obese people can be hard to breathe because of the extra fat makes it difficult air to flow in and out of the lungs.

  • Heartburn
Excess weight can contribute to heartburn symptoms like heartburn, heartburn, or pain in the sternum and throat area. Excess fat can cause stress on the digestive system and cause the stomach contents to the esophagus pushed. Diets high in fat and high in calories also contribute to acid reflux in patients with obesity.

  • Skin Problems
Obesity can cause skin problems due to several factors. Hormonal changes can cause areas on the neck or body folds and embossed black velvet-like texture. Meanwhile, the stretching of the skin can cause stretch marks. Moisture in the folds of the body can promote the growth of bacteria and fungi that cause skin rashes and infections. Calluses on the foot can also occur due to excess weight.

  • Irregular Menstruation
One of the causes of an irregular menstrual cycle is a significant change in body weight. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of rare or not come in at all and no ovulation or even long menstrual periods. This is due to the extra fat that disrupt the balance of hormones in your body.

  • Knee Pain
On obese people, weight gives extra pressure to make the knee and ankle to work harder. Joints and muscles in the legs and lower back can be stiff and sore. This situation can also affect your posture in the long run.

  • Snore
Snoring or snoring caused by vibration of the soft tissues in the throat and neck when you breathe. Obesity can put you at risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea experience especially if you have a large amount of fat around the neck. People with neck circumference of more than 43 cm are usually more frequent snoring.

  • Backache
Three diagnosis of back pain that most commonly occurs in obese patients are degenerative diseases of the spine, including the lack of fluid in the spinal discs, spondylolisthesis or slip on the lower back, and the lack of fluid in the spinal discs. As well, the spinal disc rupture or herniation. Obese patients also had an increased risk of spondylolysis, vertebral fractures, spinal stenosis, and the narrowing of the spinal canal.

  • Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are caused by dilated blood vessels caused by a weakening of the vessel wall. Varicose veins can appear as a collection of blue or purple blood vessels that sometimes surrounded by thin red capillaries known as spider veins. Obesity is one of the major risk factors other than family history, age, gender, pregnancy, and lack of movement. Cleveland Clinic estimates that nearly 50 percent of women aged 40 to 50 years and 75 percent of women aged 60 to 70 years had a vein on the surface of the legs.

  • High blood pressure
The prevalence of obesity is growing increasingly recognized as a risk factor for hypertension. Increasing cases of obesity are accompanied by hypertension feared could lead to diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Based on population studies, the prevalence of hypertension can be directly attributed to obesity.

  • Depression
In many people, obesity can lead to depression. This is not only true for those who really fat, but also the people who think that they are fat. Obese people are generally shy and afraid of a laughing stock so they chose to isolate themselves from social life and it could be a sign of depression.
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