Definition of EmpyemaEmpyema is a collection of pus in the space between the lung and the inner surface of the chest wall (the pleural cavity).
The cause of empyemaEmpyema is usually caused by an infection that spreads from the lungs . This leads to an accumulation of pus in the pleural space. If there is a pint or more of infected fluid. This fluid puts pressure on the lungs.
Risk factors include :
- Bacterial pneumonia
- Chest surgery
- Trauma or injury to the chest
- In rare cases , empyema can occur after a needle is inserted through the chest wall to pull of fluid in the pleural space for medical diagnosis or treatment ( thoracentesis ).
Symptom of empyema
- chest pain
- hacking cough
- Excessive sweating , especially night sweats
- Fever and chills
- Restlessness , or feeling sick ( malaise )
- shortness of breath
- Weight loss