Shiitake mushrooms or commonly called as hioko mushrooms, has a scientific name Lentinula edodes.
Shiitake Mushrooms are East Asian origin mushrooms food isfamous throughout the world by its original name in Japanese. Shiitake mushrooms growing on the surface of decaying logs of chestnut trees (Castanopsis cuspidata),and a type of oak tree with the scientific name Quercus acutissima. The stem of the fruit bodies are often curved, as shiitake grows upward from the surface of a wooden stick. Wide open umbrella, dark brown with fine hairs on the top surface of the umbrella, while the bottom is white umbrella.
Shiitake is widely cultivated in China, Korea and Japan and can be found in the wild in the mountains of Southeast Asia.
Composition of Shiitake Mushrooms:
Shiitake mushrooms are rich in protein, and contains little fat. In 100 grams of dried shiitake mushrooms contained approximately 13.4 to 17.5% crude protein, crude fat 4.9 to 8.9%, from 67.5 to 78.0% total carbohydrates, and calories ranged from 387-392%. In addition, shiitake mushrooms also contain eritadenin, interferon, antioxidants, and amino acids that are needed by the human body.
Diseases that can be cured with Shiitake Mushrooms:
In 1970 a study was conducted in Japan, and found that the body of shiitake mushrooms contain amino acids such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin that works to increase the human immune system, overcome digestive disorders, liver, relieve flu symptoms, and blood circulation . In that study also found the presence of ergosterol content in shiitake mushrooms, which will then be treated the body into vitamin D when the skin is exposed to sunlight.
Shiitake mushrooms, fresh or in dried form is often used in various cuisines of many countries. Fresh shiitake mushrooms are usually eaten before the bottom of the umbrella change color. Trunk shiitake rather hard and are generally not used in cooking. In Japan, the shiitake is the contents of miso soup, fried as tempura, mix chawanmushi, udon and various other food items. Shiitake also fried until crisp and sold as shiitake chips.